元音发音规则表

 时间:2018-07-01 06:56:28 贡献者:肖会静

导读:元音发音规则表: 1.单元音/i:/ see me be she need read meal eat seat deep keep 开音节中的 e/i:/ me be she ee /i:/ see sleep deep feet need ea /i:/ read eat meal seat 2.单元音 /i/ in it is fit pin bit kiss sick miss fish rich lid 闭

英语音标发音规则表1[1]
英语音标发音规则表1[1]

元音发音规则表: 1.单元音/i:/ see me be she need read meal eat seat deep keep 开音节中的 e/i:/ me be she ee /i:/ see sleep deep feet need ea /i:/ read eat meal seat 2.单元音 /i/ in it is fit pin bit kiss sick miss fish rich lid 闭音节中的 i /i/ if, his, film(闭音节指以辅音结尾的音节) 闭音节中的 y /i/ sympathy, syllable, system, gym 位于词尾的 y /i/ city, pity, willingly, possibility 3.单元音 /e/ get let bed pen best rest wet never better best 闭音节中的 e /e/ bed, peg, set, tell ea /e/ dead, heaven, feather 4.单元音/əe/ hat cat rat cap map fat man thank stamp fact 闭音节中的 a / əe / bad, lad, rat, cab 5.单元音 /a:/ heart arm darn farm cart fast car dark barn pass ar /a:/ arm, ark, lard, dark, car, card, hard, harm 6.单元音 / ‫ / כ‬lot got job shop soft song top hot box pot lock 闭音节中的 o / ‫ / כ‬hot, got, not, lost, on, soft 7./ ‫ /:כ‬tall fall wall Paul Maud walk call yawn thought or / ‫ /:כ‬or, sport, bored, horse, more, before a(+ll 或 lk) / ‫ /:כ‬all, fall, talk, walk aw / ‫ /:כ‬law, paw, draw, flaw, claw 8.单元音 /u/ cook book look put good full foot would u /u/ put, full, pull, push, sugar, cushion oo /u/ good, took, wood, wool, stood, bedroom ou /u/ could, would, should 9.单元音 /u:/ too soon rule boot fool school soup cool lose new oo /u:/ fool, booth, room, food ou /u:/ soup, you, group o /u:/ do, to, who 10./ ۸/ cup bus gun hut sung duck lung luck cut stuck 闭音节中的 u /۸/ but, hunt, sun, duck, luck 闭音节中的 o /۸/ son, once, colour, other, money ou /۸/ rough, enough, touch, cousin, young 11.单元音 /ə:/ shirt hunt burn girl bird nurse work worm curse er /ə:/ herd, verb, mercy ir /ə:/ thirty, shirt, third, fir ur /ə:/ turn, church, burn, nurse, curse or /ə:/ word, work, world, worse ear /ə:/ heard, earth, search 12.单元音 /ə/ ago about asleep above again among mother brother 许多元音在非重读章节中读成/ə/,所以/ə/的拼写形式多种多样。

如: about, sofa, doctor, colour, figure 13.双元音 /ei/ May pay way day same hay great gain pain spade a /ei/ save, face, pale ay /ei/ day, pay, may ai /ei/ wait, fail, strait ea /ei/ break, great 14.双元音 /əu/ no go so hole hope road home slow load foe soul

o /əu/ go, hello, no, open, over, joking, October oa /əu/ coat, soap, boat, road, coast ow /əu/ snow, throw, blow, show, know, window 15.双元音 /ai/ bye lie try eye cry die my five time mine like 开音节中的 i /ai/ time, crime, rite, fine igh /ai/ high, might, night, light, bright y /ai/ cry, my, sky, fly, July, reply ie /ai/ eye, dye, bye 16.双元音 /au/ how now cow out mouse down house brown found ou /au/ about, around, found, sound, mouse ow /au/ down, crowd, town, brown, now, how 17. 双元音 /‫כ‬i/ boy joy toy voice noise join coin oil soil toil oi /‫כ‬i/ oil, boil, join, coin, spoilt, voice, choice, noise oy /‫כ‬i/ toy, boy, enjoy, destroy, annoy, loyal, employer 18.双元音 /iə/ ear here fear hear dear pier tear near really idea ear /iə/ ear, dear, hear, clear, beard ea /iə/ idea, real, theatre ere /iə/ here, mere, severe eer /iə/ beer, queer, engineer 19.双元音 /eə/ care wear hair there fair careful various are /eə/ care, share, fare, hare,careless air /eə/ air, fair, chair,repair 20.双元音 /uə/ tour sure poor pure cure tourist ur /uə/ cure, pure, fury 单元音 1. [i:] see [si:], he, she, me, meet 前元音 2. [i] lily [„lili], bill, hit, give, sit 前 3. [e] bed [bed], get, let, pet, dead 前 4. [æ ] map [mæ p], mad, dad, hat, rat 前 5. [ɑ:] calm [kɑ:m] dark, heart, mart, garden 后 6. [] hot [ht], lot, not, pot, got 后 7. [:] all [:l] mall, hall, daughter, porter 后 8. [u] book [buk], look, hook, foot, put 后 9. [u:] food [fu:d], good, mood, blue, shoe 后 10. [] cup [kp], luck, nut, but, mug 中 11. [:] bird [b:d], further, fur, learn, purse 中 12. [] sister [„sist], heater, peter, litter, meter 中 双元音 13. [ei] day [dei], may, bay, say, play 14. [ai] side [said], like, night, kite, right 15. [ou] [u] go [gou] [gu] flow, grow, low, so 16. [au] now [nau], bow, loud, how, crown 17. [i] boy [bi], annoy, employ, joy, enjoy 18. [i] here [hi], mere, gear, rear, fear 19. [ε] care [kε], bare, fair, chair, air 20. [u] poor [pu], mature, tour, sure, cur 辅音 清辅音 21. [p] p

22. [t] t 23. [k] k 24. [f] f 25. [θ] th 26. [s] s 27. [ts] ts 28. [tr] tr 29. [] sh 30. [t] ch 浊辅音 31. [b] b 32. [d] d 33. [g] g 34. [v] v 35. [ð] th 36. [z] z 37. [dz] ds 38. [dr] dr 39. [] si(on) 40. [d] dg,g 其他辅音 41. [h] h 42. [m] m 43. [n] n 44. [l] l 45. [] (on)g, (o)n 46. [r] r 47. [j] y 48. [w] w, wh 元音音标表(20 个) 5 个元音的字母音 a [ei] e [i:] i [ai] o [əu] u [u:] 5 个元音的短元音: a [əe] bag cat hat map e [e] pen bed ten hen I [i] big pig sit hill o [ë] box hot dog frog u [u] but mum bus mug 12 个单元音: 短元音[əe] [e] [i] [ë] [۸] [u] [ə] 长元音 [i:] [ë:] [a:] [u:] [ə:] 8 个双元音:[ei] [ai] [əu] [au] [ëi] [iə] [eə] [uə] 那么,什么是连读呢? 在连贯地说话或朗读时,在同一个意群(即短语或从句)中,如果相邻的两个词前者以辅音音素结尾,后者以元音 音素开头,就要自然地将辅音和元音相拼,构成一个音节,这就是连读。

连读时的音节一般不重读,只需顺其自然地一 带而过,不可以加音,也不可以读得太重。

如:not at all 这个短语。

连读时听起来就像是一个单词。

注意:连读只发 生在句子中的同一个意群中。

在两个意群之间即使有两个相邻的辅音和元音出现,也不可连读。

如:Please take a look at it.这个句子中 take a look at it 是同一个意群,那么 take 与 a 可连读,look 与 at 可连读,at 与 it 可连读。

在 There is a book in it.一句中 book 与 in 往往不连读,因为 book 与 in 分别在两个不同的意群中。

连读中有一个是元音结尾与元音开头这属于加音节情况

如果你注意美国人说话,你会发现,要从你听到的一连串声音里面挑出某个词来近乎是不可能的。

因为他们在 说话的时候,词汇常常整个地连贯在一起。

比如说,本来一个单词一个单词地拼读,我们发现词汇里面没有 r 的发 音,或者没有某个音节的发音,但是在整个句子连贯说出来的时候,这样的现象就产生了,尤其是两个元音相邻的 时候。

除了 r 是最常用的连续音节以外,w 和 j 常常用来接两个元音。

例如:area(r)of literature drama(r)and music the idea(r)of it law(r)and order 打不出音标的字体所以用()代表所加的音节 连读的条件:相邻的两词在意义上必须密切相关,同属一个意群。

连读所构成的音节一般都不重读,只需顺其 自然地一带而过,不可读得太重,也不可音。

(连读符号:~) (1)“辅音+元音”型连读 在同一个意群里,如果相邻两词中的前一个词是以辅音结尾,后一个词是以元音开头,这就要将辅音与元音拼 起来连读。

I‟m~an~English boy. It~is~an~old book. Let me have~a look~at~it. Ms Black worked in~an~office last~yesterday. I called~you half~an~hour~ago. Put~it~on, please. Not~at~all. Please pick~it~up. (2)“r/re+元音”型连读 如果前一个词是以-r 或者-re 结尾,后一个词是以元音开头,这时的 r 或 re 不但要发/r/,而且还要与后面 的元音拼起来连读。

They‟re my father~and mother. I looked for~it here~and there. There~is a football under~it. There~are some books on the desk. Here~is a letter for you. Here~are four~eggs. But where~is my cup? Where~are your brother~and sister? 但是,如果一个音节的前后都有字母 r,即使后面的词以元音开头,也不能连读。

The black clouds are coming nearer and nearer.(nearer 与 and 不可连读) (3)“辅音+半元音”型连读 英语语音中的/j/和/w/是半元音,如果前一个词是以辅音结尾,后一个词是以半元音,特别是/j/开头,此时 也要连读。

Thank~you. Nice to meet~you. Did~you get there late~again? Would~you like~a cup~of tea? Could~you help me, please? “音的同化” —常把/d/+/j/读成/dV/,did you 听上成了/dIdVu/,would you 成了/wudVu/,could you 成了/kudVu/。

(4)“元音+元音”型连读如果前一个词以元音结尾,后一个词以元音开头,这两个音往往也要自然而不间断地连 读到一起。

I~am Chinese. He~is very friendly to me.

She wants to study~English. How~and why did you come here? She can‟t carry~it. It‟ll take you three~hours to walk there. The question is too~easy for him to answer. (5)当短语或从句之间按意群进行停顿时,意群与意群之间即使有两个相邻的辅音与元音出现,也不可连读。

Is~it a~hat or a cat?(hat 与 or 之间不可以连读) There~is~a good book in my desk. (book 与 in 之间不可以连读) Can you speak~English or French? (English 与 or 之间不可以连读) Shall we meet at~eight or ten tomorrow morning? (meet 与 at,eight 与 or 之间不可以连读) She opened the door and walked~in. (door 与 and 之间不可以连读) 爆破音是指发音器官在口腔中形成阻碍,然后气流冲破阻碍而发出的音。

这些音有 6 个,即/p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/和/g/。

但在某些情况下,发爆破音时,气流不必冲破阻碍,而只是发音器官在口腔中形成阻碍,并稍做停顿,(也就 是说,做好要发出这个爆破音的准备,但不要发出音来),这样的发音过程叫作"不完全爆破"。

6 个爆破音有 3 对/p/,/b/,/t/,/d/,/k/,/g/ 失去爆破,又叫不完全爆破,就是在某些情况下,只须做出发音的准备,但并不发音,稍稍停顿后就发后面的 音。

(1)“爆破音+爆破音”型 6 个爆破音【t、d、k、g、p、b】中的任意 2 个相临时,前一个爆破音会失去爆破,即由相关的发音器官做 好这个发音的姿势,稍做停顿后即发后面的爆破音。

The girl in the re(d) coat was on a bla(ck) bike jus(t) now. The bi(g) bus from the fa(c) tory is full of people. Wha(t) time does he get up every morning? This is an ol(d) pi(c)ture of a bi(g) car. The ol(d) do(c)tor has a ca(t), too. We‟re going to work on a farm nex(t) Tuesday. What would you like, ho(t) tea or bla(ck) coffee? It‟s a very col(d) day, but it‟s a goo(d) day. You can put i(t) down in the bi(g) garden. I bought a chea(p) book, but it‟s a goo(d) book. (2)“爆破音+摩擦音”型如果前面是爆破音,其后紧跟着某些摩擦音(如/f/,/s/,/W/,/T/等) ,那么前面那 个爆破音仅有十分轻微的爆破,而后面那个摩擦音则要完全爆破。

6 个爆破音有 3 对/p/,/b/,/t/,/d/,/k/,/g/失去爆破,又叫不完全爆破,就是在某些情况下,只须做 出发音的准备,但并不发音,稍稍停顿后就发后面的音。

(1)“爆破音+爆破音”型 6 个爆破音中的任意 2 个相临时,前一个爆破音会失去爆破,即由相关的发音器官做好 这个发音的姿势,稍做停顿后即发后面的爆破音。

The girl in the re(d) coat was on a bla(ck) bike jus(t) now. The bi(g) bus from the fa(c) tory is full of people. Wha(t) time does he get up every morning? This is an ol(d) pi(c)ture of a bi(g) car. The ol(d) do(c)tor has a ca(t), too. We‟re going to work on a farm nex(t) Tuesday. What would you like, ho(t) tea or bla(ck) coffee? It‟s a very col(d) day, but it‟s a goo(d) day. You can put i(t) down in the bi(g) garden. I bought a chea(p) book, but it‟s a goo(d) book. (2)“爆破音+摩擦音”型如果前面是爆破音,其后紧跟着某些摩擦音(如/f/,/s/,/W/,/T/等) ,那么前面那 个爆破音仅有十分轻微的爆破,而后面那个摩擦音则要完全爆破。

Goo(d) morning, Mr. Bell.

Goo(d) morning, dear. Uncle Li‟s fa(c)tory is qui(te) near to the cinema. I wen(t) there alone a(t) nine las(t) night. -Do you know his bi(ke) number? -Sorry, I don‟(t) know. The forty-firs(t) lesson is qui(te) difficult. Goo(d) luck, Lin Tao. 爆破音+m/n,爆破音也会失爆! /p/, /t/, /k/开头的音节发 /b/, /d/, /g/ 在背诵新东方 80 篇,总结出来的一点东西: 1. 音标中无重读音节的,要轻轻的读,不要读出有高低调的声音!不要老爱把音节读成渐高调,感觉有点歇 斯底里,很难听的! 2. 重音且长音要尽量拖长,发音要饱满,但是[i:]除外,这个音节只需轻轻带过! ee、啊: 、呃:读起来让人听着这个音节很明显。

3. 短音的 i 有时候不发音,只起到一个连接的作用; 英语连读的规则 连读的条件:相邻的两词在意义上必须密切相关,同属一个意群。

连读所构成的音节一般都不重读,只需顺其自然 地一带而过,不可读得太重,也不可音。

(连读符号:~) (1)“辅音+元音”型连读在同一个意群里,如果相邻两词中的前一个词是以辅音结尾,后一个词是以元音开头,这 就要将辅音与元音拼起来连读。

I‟m~an~English boy. It~is~an~old book. Let me have~a look~at~it. Ms Black worked in~an~office last~yesterday. I called~you half~an~hour~ago. Put~it~on, please. Not~at~all. Please pick~it~up. (2)“r/re+元音”型连读如果前一个词是以-r 或者-re 结尾,后一个词是以元音开头,这时的 r 或 re 不但要发/r/, 而且还要与后面的元音拼起来连读。

They‟re my father~and mother. I looked for~it here~and there. There~is a football under~it. There~are some books on the desk. Here~is a letter for you. Here~are four~eggs. But where~is my cup? Where~are your brother~and sister? 但是,如果一个音节的前后都有字母 r,即使后面的词以元音开头,也不能连读。

The black clouds are coming nearer and nearer.(nearer 与 and 不可连读) (3)“辅音+半元音”型连读英语语音中的/j/和/w/是半元音,如果前一个词是以辅音结尾,后一个词是以半元音,特 别是/j/开头,此时也要连读。

Thank~you. Nice to meet~you. Did~you get there late~again? Would~you like~a cup~of tea? Could~you help me, please? “音的同化” —常把/d/+/j/读成/dV/,did you 听上成了/dIdVu/,would you 成 了/wudVu/,could you 成了/kudVu/。

(4)“元音+元音”型连读如果前一个词以元音结尾,后一个词以元音开头,这两个音往往也要自然而不间断地连读到 一起。

I~am Chinese.

He~is very friendly to me. She wants to study~English. How~and why did you come here? She can‟t carry~it. It‟ll take you three~hours to walk there. The question is too~easy for him to answer. (5)当短语或从句之间按意群进行停顿时,意群与意群之间即使有两个相邻的辅音与元音出现,也不可连读。

Is~it a~hat or a cat?(hat 与 or 之间不可以连读) There~is~a good book in my desk. (book 与 in 之间不可以连读) Can you speak~English or French? (English 与 or 之间不可以连读) Shall we meet at~eight or ten tomorrow morning? (meet 与 at,eight 与 or 之间不可以连读) She opened the door and walked~in. (door 与 and 之间不可以连读) 失去爆破 6 个爆破音有 3 对/p/,/b/,/t/,/d/,/k/,/g/ 失去爆破,又叫不完全爆破,就是在某些情况下,只 须做出发音的准备,但并不发音,稍稍停顿后就发后面的音。

(1)“爆破音+爆破音”型 6 个爆破音中的任意 2 个相临时,前一个爆破音会失去爆破,即由相关的发音器官做好这 个发音的姿势,稍做停顿后即发后面的爆破音。

The girl in the re(d) coat was on a bla(ck) bike jus(t) now. The bi(g) bus from the fa(c) tory is full of people. Wha(t) time does he get up every morning? This is an ol(d) pi(c)ture of a bi(g) car. The ol(d) do(c)tor has a ca(t), too. We‟re going to work on a farm nex(t) Tuesday. What would you like, ho(t) tea or bla(ck) coffee? It‟s a very col(d) day, but it‟s a goo(d) day. You can put i(t) down in the bi(g) garden. I bought a chea(p) book, but it‟s a goo(d) book. (2)“爆破音+摩擦音”型如果前面是爆破音,其后紧跟着某些摩擦音(如/f/,/s/,/W/,/T/等) ,那么前面那个爆 破音仅有十分轻微的爆破,而后面那个摩擦音则要完全爆破。

Goo(d) morning, Mr. Bell. Goo(d) morning, dear. Uncle Li‟s fa(c)tory is qui(te) near to the cinema. I wen(t) there alone a(t) nine las(t) night. -Do you know his bi(ke) number? -Sorry, I don‟(t) know. The forty-firs(t) lesson is qui(te) difficult. Goo(d) luck, Lin Tao.

ai,ay,a+e 发长元音/ei/ ee,ea 发长元音/i:/ i+e,igh 发长元音/ai/ o+e,oo,发长元音/ou/ u+e,ui,发长元音/u:/ th/ch/sh/wh 发不同的音.(我打不出来) y 有时发/ai/,有时发/i/ bl/sl/fl/st/fr/br/pr/str/st 也发不同的音. 一、元音字母在重读音节中的读音 元音字母 读 音 例 词 a 在开音节中 [ei] name plane Jane baby cake 在闭音节中 [æ ] bag dad hat map black back e 在开音节中 [i:] he these me Chinese 在闭音节中 [e] bed let pen desk yes egg i 在开音节中 [ai] bike fly drive time nice kite 在闭音节中 fish big drink sit milk swim o 在开音节中 [əu] those close go hoe home no 在闭音节中 [C] clock not box shop sock u 在开音节中 [ju:] student excuse duty Tuesday 在闭音节中 [∧] bus cup jump much lunch 在开音节中,元音字母 u 在辅音字母 j l r s 后面时读[u:]音,例如:June blue ruler super 二、元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音 元音字母 读 音 例 词 a 在[w]音后面 [C] want what watch wash quality a 在 f n sk ph sp ss st th 前 [α:] after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father i 在-nd -ld 和 gh 前 [ai] find child light high o 在-st -ld 前 [ou] most postcard old cold o 在 m n v th 前 [∧] come monkey love mother 三、元音字母在非重读音节中的读音 元音字母 读 音 例 词 a [E]E China another woman breakfast orange comrade village cabbage e [E] hundred student open weekend chicken pocket begin children i [E]/ holiday beautiful family animal [ai] exercise satellite o [E] second tonight somebody welcome [Eu] also zero photo u [E] autumn difficult

[ju:] popular congratulation January 动词中的 a 如果处在开音节位置,a 读[ei]音,例如:operate u 处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母 j l r s 后面时,读[u( ]音,例如:July influence February issue 在非重读音节中,许多单词中的元音字母 a e i 即可以读作[E]音,也可以读作音。

四、-r 音节元音字母组合在重读音节中的读音 元音字母组合 读 音 例 词 arar 在[w]音后面 [α:] car farm dark sharpener [C:] warm quarter towards oror 在[w]音后面 [C:] forty morning short [E:] word worker worse er ir ur [E:] certainly bird Thursday 辅音字母 r 双写时,前面的元音字母不能与 r 构成-r 音节,而是按重读闭音节的拼读规则发音。

例如: carry sorry hurry -r 音节在非重读音节中通常读[E]音,例如:dollar teacher martyr forget Saturday 五、-re 音节元音字母组合在重读音节中的读音 元音字母组合 读 音 例 词 are [εE] care dare hare ere [iE] here mere ire [aiE] fire hire wire ore [C:] more score before ure [juE] pure cure are ere ire ore 很少出现在非重读音节中,ure 在非重读音节中读[E]音,例如:picture pleasure 重读元音字母加 Rr,再加非重读元字组时,重读元音字母应按-re 音节拼读规则拼读,字母 Rr 读[r] 音。

例如:parent zero story during inspiring 某些常用词及多音节词经常出现长音短化现象。

例如:orange very American paragraph 六、元音字母组合在重读音节中的读音 元音字母组合 读 音 例 词 ai/ay [ei] afraid rain wait day play air [εE] air hair chair pair repair alal 在 f m 前 [C] small ball talk wall all [C:l] always also salt almost [α:] half calm au/aw [C:] autumn daughter draw ea [i:] teach easy cheap please [e] heavy bread sweater weather [ei] break great ear [iE] hear dear near clear year [εE] bear pear wear swear [E:] earth learn early

ee [i:] jeep week green three eer [iE] pioneer deer beer ei/ey [ei] eight neighbour they [i:] either key eu/ew 在 j l r s 后 [ju:] new few newspaper [u:] flew brew jewelry ie/ei[s]音之后 [i:] piece field receive oa [ou] coat Joan boat goal oar/oor [C:] roar board door floor oi/oy [Ci] noise point boy toilet oo [u:] broom food tooth school book look cook foot good ou/ow [au] flower house count down [ou] know row throw though [∧] young country enough [u:] group you soup our [C:] course your four [auE] our hour ours [E:] journey ui 在 j l r s 后 [ju:i] fluid suicide tuition [u:] juice fruit suit 七、非重读音节中元音字母组合和字群的读音 元音字母组合或字群 读 音 例 词 ai/ay ei/ey Sunday foreign monkey ow [ou] yellow sparrow tomorrow 元音字组在非重读音节中读[E]音或。

例如:neighbour serious famous biscuit coffee -sion -tion [Fn] impression nation -sion 在元音字母后 [Vn] vision decision occasion -tion 在 s 后 [tFEn] question suggestion -sten [sn] listen -stle [sl] whistle -sure [VE] pleasure measure -ture [tFE] picture culture 八、元音字母组合在复合词非重读音节中的读音 复合词中的第二部分不标注重音符号,但其中的元音字母或元音字母组合仍按重读音节拼读规则拼 读。

例如: everyday[ei] handbag[æ ] blackboard[C:] 有些词随着语言的发展,前后两部分已失去其单独存在的意义,融合成为一个词。

其中的非重读部分 要按非重读音节的读音规则发音。

例如: sun 太阳 + day[ei]日子 > Sunday 星期天 holy 神圣 + day[ei]日子 > holiday 假日 break 中断 + fast[α:]斋戒 > breakfast[E] 早餐 cup 茶杯 + board 木 板[C:] > cupboard[E] 碗柜

九、辅音字母组合的读音 辅音字母组合 读 音 例 词 b bike bus bag [/] bomb tomb cc 在 e 前或在 i/y 前 [k] cake picture coat music [s] face decide cinema ch [tF] much chick rich teacher [k] school headache chemistry [F] machine -ck [k] cock pocket black knock d [d] doctor bread hand day -dge [dV] bridge fridge dr- [dr] children driver drink f [f] five four breakfast gg 在 e i/y 前 [^] bag garden go [dV] orange large German gh [f] cough enough [/] light daughter high gu- -guegu 在非重读音节中 [^] guess league dialogue [^w] language anguish h [h] hot head house hand [/] hour honest j [dV] jeep jar joke join July k [k] kind bike skate make week kn- [n] knife know knock l [l] life milk school tall m [m] monkey come autumn -mn [m] autumn column solemn nn 在[k] [g]音前 [n] not shine ten note [N] uncle thank hungry -ng [N] morning young wrong p [p] paper plane pig ship pen ph [f] elephant photo telephone q [k] Iraq qu- [kw] quality quite r [r] red rubber ruler s 在词首或清辅音前元音字母间或浊辅音前 [s] sit sleep desk [z] music husband sc- [sk] scarlet [s] muscle science sh [F] she fish shirt wash

t 在通常情况下在弱读字母 ia ie io 前 [t] ten letter meet [F] patient nation tch [tF] watch th 在通常情况下在冠词 代词 介词 连词中在词尾-the -ther 中 [θ] thin thirty method [T] the these with than [T] clothe fathe r weather tr- [tr] tree train country truck v [v] very voice love leave w [w] week win wake sweet wait [/] Answer two wh-wh-在字母 o 前 [w] what when white why [h] who whose whole x 在重读元音前 [ks] box text exercise [gz] example exist exact wr- [r] write y- [j] yes yard yellow young z [z] puzzle zero zoo

 
 

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