英语音标表发音规律记忆口诀

 时间:2017-08-25 15:08:30 贡献者:proudcamille

导读:英语音标表、字母表----- 字母、字母组合发音规律记忆口诀 一、尝试用“胸腔辅助送力---—口腔后部发声法”背诵念读 26 个英文字母,感觉学习标准发 音,直到感觉音准,流利,升降调式

英语音标表发音规律记忆口诀
英语音标表发音规律记忆口诀

英语音标表、字母表----- 字母、字母组合发音规律记忆口诀 一、尝试用“胸腔辅助送力---—口腔后部发声法”背诵念读 26 个英文字母,感觉学习标准发 音,直到感觉音准,流利,升降调式自如为止。

[ ei / bi: /si: /di: / i: /ef /dVi: / eitF / ai / dVei / kei / el /em /en /Eu /pi://kju: /B: / es /ti: /ju: / vi: /dQblju: /eks /wai /zi:] 二、 英语中元音和辅音(母音和子音)的分类表 英 语 音 标(采用口腔后部发声法发音) 发音特 征 发 音 清 晰 [ai] [ei] [oi] [ie] [ue] [au] [eu] 响 亮 发 [f][s][W][F] [h] [tf][tr][ts] 音 含 [v][z][T][V] [l]/[l] [r] [dv][dr][dz] 糊 振 [b][d][g] 动 [m][n][N] [w][j ] 晦 涩 气 流 受 阻 气 流 通 畅元 单 音 元 * 音 母 音 双 元 音 辅 音 * 子 音声 前元音:[i:/ I:] [i] [e] [A] 带 中元音:[Q] [E] [E:] 振 动 振 动 后元音:[B:] [C:] [C] [u:] [u]哑 不 辅 振 [p][t][k] 音 动 浊 辅 音辅音连 缀[pr][pl][br][bl][kr][kl][gr][gl][fr][fl][sn][sl][sk][sp][sw][dw][hw][kw][tw] [Wr] [pju:][bju:][tju:][dju:][kju:][gju:][fju:][vju:][lju:][mju:][nju:][hju:][zju三、英语拼音怎么来拼读:(也就是单词的音标怎么读。

/与我们汉语拼音很相似) (拼读规则:以元音为中心划分音节,按音节来拼读。

) 拼读口诀:元音为中心,划分音节、按音节拼读;多音节加重音、多音节一重多轻发音, 轻音节怎么轻怎么发音。

重开音节读长音,轻/闭音节读短音。

例子:he[hi:], name [neim], table[`teibl], bicycle[`baisikl], red, cap, and, thank, basket, yellow,四、英文字母和常见字母 组合的发音规则(或一般规律): 1. 为什么要掌握字母和常见字母组合的一般发音规律?目的只有一个,让我们能够做到------见字读音、音义结合。

记住词形、服务拼写。

第二步就是要反过来,学会语音认字(类似我1

们的拼音认字),通过多加练习,逐步达到听音写字、音义结合的水平。

第三步是形义结合, 练习英语汉语意义对应翻译。

2. 英语 26 个字母和常见字母组合的一般发音规律:(要求熟记于心,脱口而出) ?总口诀: 元音字母音多变,熟记规则也不难。

辅音字母显易单,见面就把音来念。

字母组合固定音,千锤百炼习语感。

遇见生词找规律,划分音节顺口连, 元音字母在中间,辅音字母两边站,字母组合算一个,熟能生巧难亦简。

?辅音字母发音小口诀:辅音字母显易单,见面就把音来念。

b 发[b], c 发[k], ci(y) c 多发[s]; d 发[d], f [f], g 发[g] [dV], [V]少见; / l [k] [l]可分连; m [m], n [n][N], p [p] q [k] r 发[r]; h [h], j 发[dV], ks 最多[s]和[z], 趋唇[F] [V]也常见; sir, this, sit, is, his, whose, please, sure[F], usually[V], x 发音剪头端,[ks]多于[gz]面; six, pencil-box, excuse, exercise; exam, (后接重读元音) t 发[t], v 发[v], w 辅音[w]来念; teacher, it, very, voice, river, with, swim, wash, 最后一个字母 z,发好[z]音才算完。

zoo, zero, size, puzzle, ?辅音字母一见发音表: b [b] c [k]cap [s]city table blue rice bicycle bed dog coffee fly d [d] f [f] g [g]egg [dV] orange garbage [V]garage p [p] q [k] r [r] [-r] pencil open quick quarter rose sorry s [s]desk [z]easy [V]usually pleasure sit teacher little voice wash t [t] v [v] w [w] x [ks] [gz] box high hello jeep Japan book keep h [h] j [dV] k [k] l [l] [-l] blue ball table (y) [j]yes [ai]my [i]busy very zoo zero z [z] meet room m [m] n [n] [N]g/k nose pen thank whiinvite swim examteacher [F]sure ?常见辅音字母组合的发音口诀:quickly freeze字母组合固定音,千锤百炼习语感。

wh 发音 [h] 和 [w], th 常发 [W] 和 [T]; ch/tch 多发 [tF], 有时发音 [F] 或 [k]; sh [F], ph [f], gh 不发或发 [f](词尾);2

ge\dge 多发 [dV], ck 发 [k], kn [n]; ng 易发 [N] [Ng], qu 发音 [kw] 和[k]。

wr 发卷趋 [r], 双写分节不分音。

{ 动词或复数词尾 s /es, 多发[s][z]/ 和[iz]; ts [ts] ds[dz]} 例词:wh 发音 [h] 和 [w], th 常发 [W] 和 [T]; ch/tch 多发 [tF], 有时发音 [F] 或 [k]; sh ---[ ] shoe, ship, sheep, fish, wash, ash ] laugh, ge\dgsh [F], ph [f], gh 不发或发 [f](词尾); ph ---[ ] photo, telephone, phrasegh ---[] right, light, daughter [e 多发 [dV], ck 发 [k], kn [n]; (d)ge ---[ ck ---[ kn ---[ ] orange, page, bridge, fridge, porridge(麦片粥,稀饭)] black, kick, lock, back ] knife, know, knock, knee(膝盖), kneel(跪下), knit (编织), ng 易发 [N][Ng], qu 发音 [kw] 和[k]。

ng ---[ ] sing, song, long, wing [ qu ---[] English, hungry] quick, quite(相当,十分), quiet (安静的,平静的), quarter, require, wr ---[ ] wrong, write, wrap(包,裹), wrist(手腕), wrest(拧,扭),wr 发卷趋 [r],双写分节不分音:miss, apple, egg, sorry, yellow, umbrella {双写元音字母:see, zoo, } ts/tes ---[ ] its tail(它的尾巴), two baskets /boats(两个篮子/小船), my coats /shirts (我的上衣/衬衫), three hats(三顶帽子), five cats(五只猫), many streets(许多街道), two tea-pots (两个茶壶), some carrots (一些胡萝卜), What’s this? It’s a pen. sits, ds/des---[ ] two birds, two hands, English words, their beds, their heads,辅音连缀:pr ---[ ] practice, praise, pray, press, price, proud, pl---[ ] please, play, plane, plan, place, plain, plenty (丰富, 大量), 走, 辛勤工作), plop (扑通落下), plum(李子), plug(插头,插上), br---[ ] brag(吹牛), brake (闸,刹车), brain, break, bread, breed (使)繁殖, 教养, 抚养), plod(沉重地bl---[ ] black, bleed, blind, blouse, blood, blue, cr-/kr---[ cl-/kl---[ ] crab(螃蟹), cradle(摇篮), cream, crop, cricket([昆]蟋蟀, [运动]板球) ] class, claim((根据权利)要求得到, 认领, 声称, 主张, 需要) clean, clear,gr---[ ] grade, grass, grape, graceful(优雅的,温文尔雅),green, great, gl---[ fr---[ ] glass, glad, gleam (发微光, 使闪烁), glide(滑行,滑翔), globe(地球仪), ] France, French, free, fresh (新鲜的, 无经验的), frequent (频繁的), friend (朋友),fl---[ ] flat, flag, flame(火焰,热情), flap (拍打, 鼓翼而飞, 飘动), flares (喇叭裤), sl---[ sm---[ ] slave (奴隶), slander (诽谤), slaughter (屠宰, 残杀, 屠杀), sleep (睡眠, 睡觉), ] small (小的, 少的), smart (聪明的, 漂亮的, 灵巧地, 时髦地),3

sn---[ ] snow, snake, snack (吃)快餐/小吃)), snail (蜗牛), snap (猛咬), sk---[ ] skate, skating, skirt, ski (=skee 滑雪), skim (掠过, 滑过, 浏览), sp---[ st---[ sw---[ ] space (空间, 间隔, 距离, 空地, 余地), spade (铲, 铁锹), Spain (西班牙), ] stand, stamp (邮票, 跺(脚), 顿(足)), stage (舞台,戏剧,举行), ] swab ([swCb]n.拖把, 药签,vt. 拭抹, 擦洗), swag(摇晃, 水潭,垂花饰), 突然袭击),sword(剑), swot(at../ for../up; vi.用功读书 vt.用功学习 n.苦读的人, 辛苦的工作), dw---[ ] dwarf ([dwC:f]n.矮子, 侏儒 v.(使)变矮小), dwell(at../in...居住 停留于; tw---[ thr---[ ] twelve, twelfth, twenty, twentieth, twain ([twein]n.两, 双, 二, 一对), twin(s), ] three, thread(线,细丝, 线索, 思路, 螺纹), threaten(恐吓, 威胁),?字母 L 的两种读音口诀:音节开头发清音[l -], 音节末尾模糊音[- l], [l - ] lazy, like, look, long, lubber ([`lQbE] adj.粗笨的, 笨拙的 n.傻大个), [- l ] girl[E:l], ball [C:l], small, school[u:l], well[el], smell, level[(E)l], smile[ail], hill[il] 常见音节尾音总结:[i:l / il / el/ Al / Ql / El / E:l / C:l / Cl / u:l / ul / ail / eil / Ci l / iEl / uEl / aul / Eul / ] [-pl / -bl / -tl / -dl / -kl / -gl / -fl / -vl / -sl / -zl / ][-pEl / -bEl / -tEl / -dEl / -kEl / -gEl / -fEl / -vEl / -sEl / -zEl ] ?元音字母 a e i(y) o u 的发音口诀: 元音字母音多变,熟记规则也不难。

重开音节多长音,[ei][i:][ai][Eu][ju:/u:]来拼;重闭音节/轻音短,[A][e][i][C][Q][u][E] a 接 r /ss 常发[B:/A], 还有[ei][A] [C/C:][i] [E]。

e 的发音首数[e],空尾/重[i:]轻[i][E]。

重开音节 i 发[ai],重闭/轻音短[i][E]。

o 发长音[Eu][C:][u:],短音[Q][C][E] one 殊。

u 字多发 [ju:]和[Q],忙碌 busy(i)加[u:][u]。

y 头发[j]重读[ai],轻音/结尾[i]变来。

ay ,ey, o/uy,多发[ei][i],[Ci][ai]。

r 前元音常卷舌,S 后弱音须强化。

相近发音不规则,省力顺口是关键。

相近/强化加弱化,使得元音多变化。

例词:a--- [/ ei / B:/ A/ C:/ C/ E/ i / ] 强化音[ei],弱化音[E]a 接 r /ss 常发[B:/A], 还 有[ei][A] [C/C:][i] [E]。

name [ei], table [ei], car [B:], park [B:], class [B:], basket [B:/A], as [A], ass [A], fathe r [B:], afterward(s) [B:/E](然后, 后来), dollar [E],cap [A], catch [A], grammar [A/E], Ame rica [E], asleep, alone, afraid, banana [E /B:/E], woman [E], water [C:], watch [C], what [C], war [C:], orange [i], e--- [/ i:/ e/ i / E/ -*(词尾空音) / ] 强化音[i:], 弱化音[E/ i ] e 的发音首数[e], 空尾 /重[i:]轻[i][E]。

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he [i:], she [i:], we [i:], me [i:], evening [i:], red [e], pencil [e], empty [e], desk [e], umbrella [e], French [e], basket [i], women [i], pretty [i], the [E / i:], children [E], op en [E], hundred [E / i:], / -*(词尾空音) /---- whose [z], house [s], nice [s], face [s], white [t], name [m], give [v], side [d], wake [k], prize [z], fine [n], tube [b], orange [dV], employee [i:] (职工, 雇 员, 店员), apple [pl], table [bl], little [tl], middle [dl], bicycle [kl], eagle [gl](鹰), i--- [ /ai / i:/ i / E / ] 强化音[ai/i:],弱化音[E/ i] 重开音节发[i: /ai],重闭/轻音短 [i][E]。

right [ai], bicycle [ai], white [ai], police [i:], this [i], which [i], his [i],building [i], b eautiful [E], holiday [E], o--- [ /Eu/ Q/ C/ C:/u:/ u / E / wQ-] 强化音[Eu/ C:/u:],弱化音[E] o 发长音[Eu][C:][u:],短音[Q][C][E] one 殊。

no [Eu], cold [Eu], those [Eu], come [Q], some [Q], mother [Q], brother [Q], son [Q], mont h [Q], dog [C], not [C], hot [C], sorry [C], shop [C], locker [C], box [C], orange [C:], whos e [u:], who [u:], do [u:], to [u:], two [u:], woman [u], policeman [E], today [E], occasi on [E](场合, 时机, 机会), aeroplane [E], // one [wQn], once [wQns], reservoir [`rezEvwB:],u--- [ /ju:/ Q / (i)加[u:][u]。

u / u: /i / ] 强化音[ju:/u:],弱化音[i]u 字多发 [ju:]和[Q],忙碌 busyuse [ju:], usually [ju:], tube [ju:], music [ju:], pupil [ju:], rubber [Q], umbrella [Q], m um [Q], hungry [Q], bus [Q], just [Q],cup [Q],put [u], full [u], pull [u], ruler [u:],Sue [u:], blue [u:],minute [i], busy [i] y--- [ /ai / j / i /] 强化音[ai],弱化音[i] y 头发[j]重读[ai],轻音/结尾[i]变来。

your [j], you [j], yes [j], yellow [j], young [j], my [ai], why [ai], tyre [ai], style [ai], fry [ai], cry [ai], bicycle [i], baby [i], ready [i], hungry [i], very [i], thirsty [i], empt y [i], busy [i], body [i], slowly [i], ?常见元音字母组合发音口诀: 字母组合固定音,常受影响发音变;千锤百炼习语感。

组合爱发长/双元(音(重读音节));常受影响发音变;为了顺口图方便,近似发音相变换。

另有强化加弱化,多个字母省略念。

外来/古语不规则(发音),熟读百遍字腔圆。

a--- ay [ei] day, say, play, way, weekday, birthday, // [ i] Sunday, Monday, …5

ar [B:] car, star, farm, are, park, garlic, kju:lE], al// [E] dollar, collar, grammar, particular [pE`ti[C:] all, ball, small, hall, walk, chalk, // [B:] half, [C:l / Al / El ]非组合式的情况:although[C:l], alga [`AlgE](藻类, 海藻), algal [`Alg El](adj.海藻的), algebra [Al`dVibrE] (代数学), signal [lsigEl](信号/发信号, 用信号通 知),au [C:] daughter, fault, audience, cause, August[`C:gEst] (八月), august [C:`gQst](令人 敬畏的, 威严的), [C] because, [au] kraut(泡菜), [B:] laugh, air [ZE] ai [ei] air, chair, hair, pair, fair, aid, aim, rain, afraid, wait, maid, straight, faith (信念, 宗教信仰, 忠实,), draw, law, saw, awful, raw,aw [C:] e--- ea[i:] teacher, tea, eat, meat, read, clean, heal, [e] bread, breakfast, head, [ei] great,break, steak, ee [i:] meet, teeth, see, three, green, week, freezing, queen, ei [ei] eight, weigh, weight, [i:] receive, ceiling, deceit (n.欺骗, 谎言), deceive(v. 欺骗, 谎言), receipt (收条, 收据, 收到), perceive (v.察觉感知, 感到), conceit (原义; 自负, 幻想), er [E:] her, herd(兽群, 牧群/放牧), emergency (紧急情况, 紧急突发事件, 非常时刻,), [E] teacher, sister, brother, farmer, worker, letter, over, ear [iE] ear, hear, near, year, fear, earwig (偷听者), [ZE] pear, wear, swear(宣誓, 发誓), [E:] early, earth, earn, ere [iE] here, sphere (球体), hemisphere (半球), 以前), eir [ZE] their, eer [iE] beer, deer, cheer(欢呼/喝彩), sneer(冷笑,讥笑), jeer(讥讽嘲弄), engineer, , ey [ei] ew [ju:] they, grey, hey, new, few, hew(砍), view(景色, 风景, 观点, 见解), ewe (母羊), [ZE] there, ere (prep/conj. 前于...; 在...i--- ir [E:] girl, sir, thirsty, shirt, skirt, first, thirty, whirl((使)旋转), stir (轰动, 激起,搅动),6

ie [i:] piece, niece(侄女, 甥女), field, thief, believe, belief, achieve(完成, 达到), chief(首 领, 领袖, 酋长, 长官//主要的, 首要的, 首席的, 主任的), grief(悲痛, 伤心事, 不幸, 忧伤), relief((痛苦等的)减轻), ire [aiE] tire(轮胎;使劳累), tired(累的,疲劳的), wire(金属丝, 电线), igh [ai] right, light, fight, might(也许, 或许; 可能), night, knight, o--- or [C:] or, for, fork, morning, short, torch, more, [E:] work, worker, [E] or, forget, oa [Eu] boat, coat, goat, goal, actor, doctoo [u:]school, food, too, room, tooth, spoon, moon, boot, root, wool, mood(心情, 情绪, 语气, 状态), [u] book, look, cook, good, football, foot [Q] blood, flood, ou [au] house, blouse, trousers, mouse, mouth, south, ouch, out, our, hour, flour, sour, m ountain, [Q] young, touch, rough(粗糙的, 粗略的, 大致的, 粗野的), [u:] you, through, rouge [r u:V](擦口红/胭脂), [u]would, could, should, [C:] cough,ow [au] brown, down, how, now, towel, tower, [Eu] yellow, bowl, show, blow, snow, t hrow oy/oi [Ci] boy, toy, enjoy, employ, // noise, noisy, toilet, oil, boil, [C:] your, four, course,our [au] our, flour(面粉)ore [C:] before, more, forehead, foresee, oor [C:/ JE]/ door, floor, moor(荒野;停泊, 系住), u--- ur [E:] ia (郊区居民), ure picture, future[tFE], // sure[FuE], ua [JE] //pleasure, measure[VE], turn, Thursday, hurt, fur, urge, further, urban (城市的, 市内的), suburb, suburbusual, usually, February, graduate [`grAdJEt](大学)毕业生, 研究生), [jJE]January,非组合发音: graduate [`grAdjJeit] (v. (使)(大学)毕业), uy [ai] buy, guy, 五、音节、音节的结构和类型、音节划分、音节重音和拼读: 1.音节就是英文单词字母(或发音)的排列单位,一个单位算一节。

连读起来轻重缓急,流 利有节奏,便于听说阅读。

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2.音节的结构、类型:口诀: 完全结构头中尾(音头/音中/音尾),元音字母占中央(包含组 合),缺头少尾有开闭(音节),e 尾/成音/r 音节。

开音节/闭音节:以元音或不发音的 e 结尾的叫开音节,以辅音结尾的是闭音节。

开音节(词) :[以开音节结尾] a, area, tea, by, day, no, boy, buy, grey, ba*by, ru*ler, rub *ber, fa*ther, the, she, we, he, bee, ta*ble, ap*ple, name, bi*cy*cle, banana, orange, some, 闭音节(词):bas*ket, bag, cap, class, miss, cross, rain, ti*red, bed, red, yes, egg, sit, it, b egin(开始), hot, not, boat, boil(沸腾,煮沸,激动), cup, sun, cut, put, but, mutton(羊肉), meet, woman, r 音节: 元音字母(a e i o u) + r 构成的独立的音节, 也可以前后加辅音字母共同构成音节。

例如: far(远的), arm, er (嗯~), her, tea*cher, ru*ler, sir, girl, stir(轰动, 激起), or, for(为了,对于,因为,适合), short, fur(毛皮), turn, // ar•ti•cle(文章), or•der (命令, 定购, 定制;次序, 顺序,秩序), ur•gent (急迫的, 紧急的), ur•ban (城市的, 市内的), 成音节: 辅音字母(有时跟不发音/弱化音的元音字母) + l, m, n, (常常带有不发音的 e)可 算作一个音节。

例如: la•bel ((贴)标签), pu•pil, pen•cil [sl], ta•ble, bi•cy•cle, lit•tle [tl], ap•ple [pl], 3. 划分音节口诀: 音节中心看母音,辅音要向两边站。

中心之间辅音连,一靠后,二分手;多个中间偏左右,字母组合算一个(音)。

多音节尾 -l -m –n(e),前有辅音成音节。

例子:学会一眼识破音节数目,运用语音规则,做到见字读音。

闭音节: pen [pen], cap [kAp], bas*ket [`bB:skit], green [gri:n], book [buk], and [And], eat [i:t], 开音节:he [hi:], she [Fi:], tea [ti:],my [mai], tea•cher [`ti:tFE], rea•dy [`redi], Ju• ly [`dVu(:)lai], ru•ler [`ru:lE], her [hE:], 成音节: ta•ble [`teibl], ap•ple [pl], bot•tle [tl], mid•dle [dl], bi•cy•cle [`baisikl], pen •cil [sl], se•ven [`sevn], e•le•ven [i `lev(E)n], 不发音的 e 尾:come [kQm], please [pli:z], whose [hu:z], nice [nais], name [neim], giv e [giv],(开音节的外形,多读长音。

) 4. 单词重音(重音符号ˊ):双音节和多音节词中常常重读一个音节,其它读轻音。

遇到 生词,有音标当然省事,但在无音标的情况下,至于哪个音节要重读,由于英语词源、构 词、例外情况等诸多因素限制,不可能将每个生词读的完全无误。

只能掌握的一般规律:8

重音口诀: 为了顺口有节奏,张口由大变到小(省气力),大口/长音多重读,还要保持身平 衡(整个单词发音),特别写法长又多(特别是写法很长的多音节词),倒数第三多琢磨。

(一般 是)前轻---中重----后又轻。

哪儿平顺哪(儿)读重。

一般具体做法是:① 单音节都重读;这类单词很多。

例如:meet, and, class, which, hous e, bread ② 双音节词 ▲ (发长音或大口音重读, 这类单词很多, 例如: `teacher [`ti:tFE], `ruler [` ru:lE], `basket [`bB:skit], `apple [`Apl], `table [`teibl],tired [`taiEd], `lazy [`leizi], `open [`EupEn], // `sorry [`sCri], Ju`ly, pre`fer, po`lice, to`day, ▲ (两音平(音长和张口大小接近的)开头重读; 这类单词很多,例如:`rubber, `Sandy, `san dwich, `pencil, `brother, woman, `sister, `ready, `hungry, `very, `busy, `picture, `listen, `Be tty, `empty, `pretty, clever [`klevE], letter [ `letE], ▲ (带前后缀多词根重读。

例如:a`gain, a`loud, a`sleep, be`gin, be`fore, be`side, be`hind, /`quickly, `friendship, `boyish, `building, ④ 多音节词倒数第三个元音字母(音节)重读。

带前后缀多词根重读。

例如:`Italy,(I`talian), A`merican, `beautiful, natio`nality, `exercise, `chocolate, `newspaper, // suddenly, inter`national, `championship, `countable, `interesting, mechano`therapy (力学疗 法), ③ 合成词保持开头单词的重音:例如:policeman, `pencil-box, `football, `ice-cream, `class room, `schoolboy, `postman, `milkman, `tea-pot, `Jack-in-the-box, `hide-and-`seek, `snakes-a nd-`ladders,9

 
 

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