2014英语语法汇总打印(强烈推荐)

 时间:2014-04-26 19:13:01 贡献者:张传勇

导读:元音: 短元音:/ / / / / / / / / / / / 长元音:/ :/ / :/ / :/ / :/ / :/ 双元音:/ / / / / / / / / / 辅音:清辅音:/ / / / / / / / 浊辅音:/ / / / / / / / / / / // / / / / / / / / / / // / / / / / / / / / / / // / / / / / / /

2014英语语法汇总打印(强烈推荐)
2014英语语法汇总打印(强烈推荐)

元音: 短元音:/ / / / / / / / / / / / 长元音:/ :/ / :/ / :/ / :/ / :/ 双元音:/ / / / / / / / / / 辅音:清辅音:/ / / / / / / / 浊辅音:/ / / / / / / / / / / // / / / / / / / / / / // / / / / / / / / / / / // / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / /// / did bring fifth ill / / bad back hand / / dog long stop wash / / away woman student welcome / :/ ask France answer banana class last / :/ who blue ruler move whose broom / / date face page place train may / / boy toilet enjoy / /air chair hair careful parent / / hope nose ago October cold hold now / / pen picture jeep apple happy happen / / cake thank clock back pick truck / / thank nothing month fifth / / sure show shirt wash machine / /bike bus book box / / good girl bag egg guess / / than then clothes / / usually / / ninth find knife know / / look floor family bell ball tall / / yes you your yellow white / / chair cheap reach touch catch watch / / dress drive children/ / best bell left leg head / / come sun duck month monkey / / good full put book foot / :/ he me she meal sea feet / :/ more born form short sport / :/ her term bird first / / my side outside tiger right by why / / here idea ear dear hear near / / sure / / out about house brown down how / / ten too boat better letter matter / / fine four floor friend office different / / yes yesterday pass less Miss city / / hill hand head home who whose / /desk down bird good middle suddenly / / five have over seven / / zoo zero is his nose blouse / / my map am game / / bring long / / red already road wrong / / wall well will would what when / / village dangerous vegetable January/ / train truck Australia

2/ / aunts starts parents gates minutes// hands needs roads grades ridesnut truck front son brother nothing mother old most post boat road row grow know photo elephant face piece office delicious health any many watch what broken today over matter forget colors free keep some another could would fourth your call tall also food moon room score before door floor girl shirt turn Thursday say stay eight ear year early word work worse pear their there where语法 `1. 定语从句 • 2. 名词性从句 • 3. 状语从句 • 4. 动词的时态语态 • 5. 非谓语动词 • 6. 情态动词 • 7. 虚拟语气 • 8. 倒装 • 9. it 用法 • 10. 主谓一致 • 11. 形容词与副词 • 12.冠词,代词,数词,介词 句子成分 He likes music. • Tom is a student. • The news made us excited. Mr. Smith, our new teacher, is very kind to us. The black bike is mine. He will stay in the hotel tonight. What he said sounded reasonable. (从句) I don’t know where she has gone. The fact is that he is lazy. His failure was due to the fact that he had not practised for a long time. When I see him, I will tell him the good news. The girl who is standing there is my good friend. • • 指出下列句子划线部分是什么句子成分: • 1. He handed me the newspaper. 2. They went hunting together early in the morning. 3. His job is to train swimmers. • 4. The reason why he was late was that he hardly knew the way to the2

3meeting room. 5. The news that he failed to pass the exam is true. 6. Elizabeth Blackwell, the first woman medical doctor in the United States, founded an institution that has always had a completely female medical staff.语法 1 定 语 从 句一、概念: 1.在句子中修饰名词或代词,定语从句 在句中充当定语. 2.定语从句必须有先行词,并尽量靠近先行词. 3.在定语从句中,根据先行词在定语从句中所充当的成分决定用哪一个关系词 二. 定语从句分为:限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句 限制性定语从句,顾名思义从句在句子中起限制作用,是句子不可缺少的一个部分。

而非限制性定语从句则相反。

非限制性定语从句和主句的关系不十分密切,只是对先行词 作些附的说明,如果去掉,主句的意思仍然清楚。

这种从句和主句之间往往用逗号分开, 一般不用 that 引导。

She has only a son who is a doctor. Yesterday I met Li Ping‟s father , who seemed to be very busy.Attributive clause (1)关系代词: who, whom, that, which, whose, as1).Where is the man______________ was here just now? 2).The old lady_________________ you talked to is her grandmother. 3). It‟s a book ______ will help you a lot. 4)I don‟t like the film __________ we saw yesterday. 5) He lives in the room ________ windows face south. 补充 1 观察下面的 句子: • The girl whose name is Mary is from England. • Please pass me the book whose cover is green . • Whose 的用法:先行词可以是人,也可以是物。

在从句中充当定语 补充 2 My father talked about the persons and the things ____ he remember at school. • A. that B. which C. who D. what • 定语从句用 that 不用 which 1. 先行词既有人又有物 2.先行是不定代词(all , anything, something, everything) 或者被 all, no , any , few , little 等修饰 • All that can be done has been done. • All the books that he had bought were burn. 3.先行受序数词修饰 如 the first , the second, the last. • This is the first book that was written by Jack.3

44.先行受形容词最高级修饰 This is the best film that I have seen. 5.先行受 the only, the very 词修饰 That is the very thing that I am looking for. The only gift that he got at Christmas is an exercise book. 6.句子是由 which 开头的特殊疑问句 Which is the book that you like best? • 1. This is the only thing ____ I can do now. • A. what B. that C. which D. all • 2. The house __________ was broken has been repaired. • the window of it B. the window of that • C. its window D. whose window • 3.There is little in this book ____ is interesting. • A. that B. which C. whose D. / • 4.The doctor ________stepped in. • A. Della was waiting for him B. whom Della was waiting • Della was waiting for D. who Della was waiting 补充 3. 介词加关系代词引导定语从句 • 1.关系代词作介词宾语, 不论是在限制性定语从句中, 还是在非限制性定语从句中, 当介词前置时,只能用 whom 指人,which 指物; • Do you know the boy to whom she was talking? • The pencil with which he was writing suddenly broke. 2. 要确认关系代词前用什么介词,需根据从句中的动词与先行词的关系来确定。

所 以解题时需分析从句与主句之间的关系。

• Tom is a person ____ others can‟t get on very well. • A. whom B. who C. with whom D. with which • . The pen ______ he filled the form is mine. • A. that B. which C. with that D. with which • .Do you know who lives in the building______there is a well? • A. in front of it B. in front of whose • C. in front of which D.in front which • .Jane was her old friend,____she borrowed a necklace. • A. from who B.from whom • C. to that D.to whom • His glasses,_____he was like a blind man,fell to • the ground and broke its leg. • A.which B.with which C.without which D.thatAttributive clause (2)• • • • • • 由关系副词 如: when , where , why (注意: 没有 what 和 how )引导的定语从句 表时间/地点/原因时用 when, where, why I'll never forget the day when I joined the party. This room is the place where he was born. I know the reason why he was angry. 使用关系副词应注意下列几点:4

 
 

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