时间:2016-12-21 07:02:01 贡献者:ZLI8848

导读:辅字组的读音 辅字组 b c d f g 读 音 [b] [k] [s] [d] [f] [ ] [g] [ ] [h] [ ] [k] [l] [m] [n] [p] [r] [s] [z] [t] [v] [w] [ks] [j] [z] [ ] [ ] [θ] [ ] [k] [f] [w] [h] [tr] [dr] [ts] [dz] [kw] 例 词 bag bike bus blue cake card face decide


辅字组的读音 辅字组 b c d f g 读 音 [b] [k] [s] [d] [f] [ ] [g] [ ] [h] [ ] [k] [l] [m] [n] [p] [r] [s] [z] [t] [v] [w] [ks] [j] [z] [ ] [ ] [θ] [ ] [k] [f] [w] [h] [tr] [dr] [ts] [dz] [kw] 例 词 bag bike bus blue cake card face decide cinema desk dad day fine five face off orange age good bag go thank hello hat hot hand jacket job June key like bike hello like lake apple full bottle morning name me no nice in map pen apple Frank red spell thanks six please is nose it what white ten evening vest very what we well box six you yellow yes zoo zero English she ship China chess chair thank three this that they black chick phone photo what white who whose tree dress what’s it’s cats beds hands cards quite quiet元音字母在重读开音节中的读音 元音字母 a e i o u 读 音 [ei] [i:] [ai] [ou] [ju:][ u:] 例 词 name game he she me fine like go home use blueh j k l m n p r s t v w x y z sh ch th元音字母在重读闭音节中的读音 元音字 读 例 词 母 音 a [æ ] Alice map black thank e [e] bed let pen desk yes egg i [i] is in it this sit six milk o [ ] not box dog hot clock u [ ] mum bus cup lunch 元音字母组合在重读闭音节中的读音 元音字母 读音 例词 组 合 ai ay [ei] say day again play ei ey eight they grey al [o:] all ball talk wall ea [i:] tea teacher please ee [i:] green bee three oa [ou] boat coat goat oo [ u:] noon too moon food [u] good look book cook ou [au] mouth house about ow how now brown down oi oy [oi] boy toy noise -r 音节的读音 字母 ar or er ir ur or(w 前) 读 音 [α:] [ :] [ :] 例 词 are car far farmer or for sport short her certainly girl bird first shirt turn nurse word worseck ph wh tr dr ts ds qu

英语单词拼读规则表3.辅音字母双写的含义 辅音字母双写,主要是为了强调双写辅音字母前面的元音字母要发短音,或者说要按 元音字母在重读闭音节中的拼读规则读音。

例如: Seattle。

通常 ea 被看作一个元字组, 具有不可分割性,即便是这样,在双写辅音字母前面也被拆分开了。

例外的情况也有:suggestion collapse 辅音字母双写,一方面可以方便找出音节划分点,另一方面是为了强调双写辅音字母 前面的单个元音字母是个闭音节, 例如: Seattle , 其中的字母 a 发短音。

又例如: worry, 现在把 o 读成[ ]音的人多起来了。

三、找出重读音节 6.如何判断双音节词的重读位置? 双音节词的第一个音节通常是重读音节。

例如:´ stu-dent ´ Chi-na ´ sec-ond ´ au-tumn in-´ deed 含有 a- be- de- re- in- ex- 等前缀的双音节词往往是在第二个音节上重读。

双音节词的 重读位置不会因增加前缀或后缀而发生改变。

例如: a´ bout be´ fore ex´ cuse re´ pair for-´ get-ful 多音节词通常在倒数第三个音节重读。

例如:´ el-e-phant con-grat-u´ la-tion 词尾有-ic 或-tion,-sion 的词, 在-ic 或-sion,-tion 前的一个音节上重读。

例如:scien´ tific im´ pression ´ nation

一、元音字母在重读音节中的读音 元音字母 a 在开音节中 在闭音节中 e 在开音节中 在闭音节中 i 在开音节中 在闭音节中 o 在开音节中 在闭音节中 u 在开音节中 在闭音节中 读音 例 词 [ei] name plane Jane baby cake 编 号 1-01 1-02 1-03 1-04 1-05 1-06 特* to[u:] do[u:] 1-07 1-08 1-09 1-10[æ ] bag dad hat map black back [i:] [e] [ai] [i] he these me Chinese bed let pen desk yes egg bike fly drive time nice kite fish big drink sit milk swim[ou] those close go hoe home no [] clock not box shop sock *woman[u] wolf[u]roller[ u][ju:] student excuse duty Tuesday [] bus cup jump much lunch ****put[u] Bush[u] cushion[u]在开音节中,元音字母 u 在辅音字母 j l r s 后面时读[u:]音, 1-11 例如:June blue ruler super 1-01 特例:vague vogue range paste plague change strange taste waste ache waste scythe opaque 这些单词中的 th ng gu ch st qu 都被看作一个整体,都被看作一个辅音 字母,其中的元音字母按开音节规则发音。

和以上读音现象不同的词有:tinge[i] 1-02 例外的词 many[e] any[e] pretty不符合 1-04 规则的词 1-05 例外的词 fatigue[i:]English[i]policeman[i:]machine[i:]。

这两个词源自法语,保留法语发音 give[i]这两个词保留了古英语的发音:live[i]

二、元音字母在非重读音节中的读音 元音字母 a e i o u 读 音 [] [i] [] [i] [ ]/[i] [ai] [] [ u] [] [ju:] 例 词 China another woman breakfast orange comrade village cabbage hundred student open weekend chicken pocket begin children holiday beautiful family animal exercise satellite second tonight somebody welcome also zero photo autumn diffcult popular congratulation January 编 号 2-01 2-02 2-03 2-04 2-05 2-06 2-07 2-08 2-09 2-10 2-11 2-12动词中的 a 如果处在开音节位置,a 读[ei]音,例如:operate u 处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母 j l r s 后面时,读[u(:)]音,例如:July influence February issue 不符合 2-07 规则的词 不符合 2-08 规则的词 icon[ :] icon[ :] robot[ :] robot[ :] alcohol[ :] alcohol[ :]三、元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音 元音字母 读 音 a 在[w]音后面 a 在 f n sk ph sp ss st th 前 i 在-nd -ld 和 gh 前 o 在-st -ld 前 o 在 m n v th 前 [] [α:] [ai] [ou] [] 例 词 want what watch wash quality **water[ :] wane[ei] wake[ei] wag[æ ] after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father **ass[æ ] tomato[t ´ meitou] banana[α:] find child light high most postcard old cold ** cost[ ] come monkey love mother ** colour[ :] 编 号 3-01 3-02 3-03 3-04 3-05

四、-r 音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音 元音字组 ar ar 在[w]音后面 or or 在[w]音后面 er ir ur 读 音 [α:] [ :] [ :] [ :] [ :] 例 词 car farm dark sharpener warm quarter towards forty morning short word worker worse certainly bird Thursday 编 号 4-01 4-02 4-03 4-04 4-05 4-06 拼读规则发音。

例如: carry sorry hurry -r 音节在非重读音节中通常读[ ]音,例如:dollar teacher martyr forget Saturday 4-03 例外的词 4-04 例外的词 4-06 例外的词 quarrel[ ] 按 3-01 规则读 surround sur-不重读 suppose sup-不重读 collect col-不重读 worry[ ] 也可以读成 worry[´ w ri] attorney[ :] worn[ :] sword[ :] 4-07辅音字母 r 双写时, 前面的元音字母不能与 r 构成-r 音节,而是按重读闭音节的

五、-re 音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音 元音字组 are ere ire ore ure 读 音 [ε ] [i ] [ai ] [ :] [ju ] care dare hare here mere fire hire wire more score before pure cure 例 词 编 号 5-01 5-02 5-03 5-04 5-05 5-06 音,例如:picture pleasure 重读元音字母加 Rr,再加非重读元字组时,重读元音字母应按-re 音 节拼读规则拼读,字母 Rr 读[r]音。

例如:parent zero story during inspiring 某些常用词及多音节词经常出现长音短化现象。

例如:orange very American paragraph 不符合 5-02 规则的词 不符合 5-03 规则的词 不符合 5-05 规则的词 不符合 5-06 规则的词 不符合 5-07 规则的词 不符合 5-08 规则的词 there[ε ] cire[s ´ rei] sure[u ] failure assurance burial[´ beri l] deteriorate where[ε ] 5-07are ere ire ore 很少出现在非重读音节中,ure 在非重读音节中读[ ]

六、元音字组在重读音节中的读音 元音字组 ai/ay air al al 在 f m 前 au/aw ea 读 音 [ei] [ε ] [] [ :l] [α:] [ :] [i:] [e] [ei] [i ] [ε ] [ :] [i:] [i ] [ei] [i:] [ju:] [u:] [i:] [ou] [ :] [ i] [u:] [u] [au] [ou] [] [u:] [ :] [au ] [ :] [ju:i] [u:] 例 词 afraid rain wait day play air hair chair pair repair small ball talk wall all always also salt almost half calm autumn daughter draw teach easy cheap please heavy bread sweater weather break great hear dear near clear year bear pear wear swear earth learn early jeep week green three pioneer deer beer eight neighbour they either key new few newspaper flew brew jewelry piece field receive coat Joan boat goal roar board door floor noise point boy toilet broom food tooth school book look cook foot good flower house count down know row throw though young country enough group you soup course your four our hour ours journey fluid suicide tuition juice fruit suit 编 号 6-01 6-02 6-03 6-04 6-05 6-06 6-07 6-08 6-09 6-10 6-11 6-12 6-13 6-14 6-15 6-16 6-17 6-18 6-19 6-20 6-21 6-22 6-23 6-24 6-25 6-26 6-27 6-28 6-29 6-30 6-31 6-32 6-33ear ee eer ei/ey eu/ew 在 jlrs后 ie/ei[s]音之后 oa oar/oor oi/oy ooou/owour ui 在jlrs后

不符合 6-01 规则的词 例外的词: plaid[æ ]不符合 6-06 规则的词 例外的词: because[ ] laugh[α:]ea 的另外两种发音 Se´ attle 这个词中的 ea 并不是个字母组合,双写辅音字母强调其前面的单个元音字母 a 是重读音节,而且是个闭音节。

[i ] idea really [/] beautiful ea 的另外两种发音 [i ] idea really [/] beautiful 6-16 例外的词 either[i:]美语发音 ei 发[i:]音的例词很少。

6-20 例外的词 例外的词: abroad[ :] oasis[ ´ eisis] oa 并未构成元字组 不符合 6-26 规则的词 knowledge [´ n li ]长音短化现象 ou/ow 的另一种发音[ :],cough thought

七、非重读音节中元音字组和字群的读音 元音字组或字群 ai/ay ei/ey ow 读 音 [i] [ou] 例 词 Sunday foreign monkey yellow sparrow tomorrow 编 号 7-01 7-02 7-03 例如:neighbour serious famous biscuit coffee -sion -tion -sion 在元音字母后 -tion 在 s 后 -sten -stle -sure -ture [ n] [ n] [ n] [sn] [sl] [] [] impression nation vision decision occasion question suggestion listen whistle pleasure measure picture culture 7-04 7-05 7-06 7-07 7-08 7-09 7-10元音字组在非重读音节中读[ ]音或[i]。

八、元字组在复合词非重读音节中的读音 复合词中的第二部分不标注重音符号,但其中的元音字母或元音字组仍按重 读音节拼读规则拼读。

例如: everyday[ei] handbag[æ ] blackboard[ :] 8-01有些词随着语言的发展,前后两部分已失去其单独存在的意义,融合成为一 个词。


例如: sun 太阳 + day[ei]日子 > Sunday[i] 星期天 holy 神圣 + day[ei]日子 > holiday[i] 假日 break 中断 + fast[α:]斋戒 > breakfast[ ] 早餐 cup 茶杯 + board 木板[ :] > cupboard[ ] 碗柜

九、辅字组的读音 辅字组 b c c 在 e 前或在 i/y 前 ch -ck d -dge drf g g 在 e i/y 前 gh gu- -gue gu 在非重读音节中 h j k knl m -mn n n 在[k] [g]音前 -ng p ph q qur 读 音 [b] [/] [k] [s] [] [k] [] [k] [d] [] [dr] [f] [] [] [f] [/] [] [ w] [h] [/] [] [k] [n] [l] [m] [m] [n] [] [] [p] [f] [k] [kw] [r] 例 词 bike bus bag bomb tomb cake picture coat music face decide cinema much chick rich teacher school headache chemistry machine Chicago cock pocket black knock doctor bread hand day bridge fridge children driver drink five four breakfast bag gardon go orange large German cough enough light daughter high guess league dialogue language anguish hot head house hand hour honest jeep jar joke join July kind bike skate make week knife know knock life milk school tall monkey come autumn autumn column solemn not shine ten note uncle thank hungry morning young wrong paper plane pig ship pen elephant photo telephone Iraq quality quite red rubber ruler 编 号 9-01 9-02 9-03 9-04 9-05 9-06 9-07 9-08 9-09 9-10 9-11 9-12 9-13 9-14 9-15 9-16 9-17 9-18 9-19 9-20 9-21 9-22 9-23 9-24 9-25 9-26 9-27 9-28 9-29 9-30 9-31 9-32 9-33 9-34

s 在词首或清辅音前 元音字母间或浊辅音前 scsh t 在通常情况下 在弱读字母 ia ie io 前 tch th 在通常情况下 在冠词 代词 介词 连词中[s] [z] [sk] [s] [] [t] [] [] [θ] [] []sit sleep desk music husband scarlet muscle science she fish shirt wash ten letter meet patient nation watch thin thirty method the these with than clothe father weather tree train country truck very voice love leave week win wake sweet wait answer two what when white why who whose whole box text exercise examle exist exact write yes yard yellow young puzzle zero zoo9-35 9-36 9-37 9-38 9-39 9-40 9-41 9-42 9-43 9-44 9-45 9-46 9-47 9-48 9-49 9-50 9-51 9-52 9-53 9-54 9-55 9-56在词尾-the -ther 中 trv w whwh-在字母 o 前 x 在重读元音前 wryz 不符合 9-13 规则的词 和字母 k 一样,g 在字母 n 前面通常不发音,也可把 gn-看成一个辅字组: gnarl gnar gnash gnat gnathic gnathism gnaw gnome gnomic gnu [tr] [v] [w] [/] [w] [h] [ks] [gz] [r] [j] [z]单词字母 g 也有不发音的现象: 不符合 9-14 规则的词 例外的词: get girl give girddiaphragmgirdergirdleginkgimpgimme不符合 9-56 规则的词 例外的词:seizure[ ]