元音发音规则表

 时间:2015-05-07 06:56:28 贡献者:康洽福

导读:五个长元音发音规则表长元音规则:○ V _e,或○ V ○ C○ V ,组合。 读音 例词 a_e: age brave cabbage cake hate race safe safety sale same save shake shame shape skate snake space state tape[ei]a:able table ache basic rad

英语元音辅音发音规则表
英语元音辅音发音规则表

五个长元音发音规则表长元音规则:○ V _e,或○ V ○ C○ V ,组合。

读音 例词 a_e: age brave cabbage cake hate race safe safety sale same save shake shame shape skate snake space state tape[ei]a:able table ache basic radio taste danger ai:aid raid brain rain raise sail tail bait wait ay:say stay play way day stay x-ray Jay jay-walker gay ey:prey bey obey convey hey they grey【例外:key/ki:/;eye/ai/popeye】 eigh:eight eighth eighteen neigh weigh weight sleigh neighbor freight e_e:these thesesee:bee beef queen screen see seem sheep sleepy speech speed steel street sweep sweet [i:] ea:beat beach seat breathe heat reach read real reason sea season speak stream hear pear ear ie(在单音节词的词中) :chief belief believe relieve field niece piece diesel /s/+ei:deceive receipt【例外:-ein/ein/,-eigh/ei/ ,Kiev 基辅】 i_e:bike hide ice quite realize rice ride rise shine side size smile ind:blind mind bind kind behind blind(i 在 nd、gh 前发[ai]的音) igh:bright high right sight [ai] ign:sign benign ild:wild wilder mild child y: by bye buy shy sky (y 在单音节词词尾和在词中或双音节词词尾发音不同) ie(在单音节词的词尾):lie die pie tie vie o_e:alone broke home hope role rope rose smoke stone close so oa:boat road soap goat loan hoax coat ow(在词尾):blow borrow show slow snow bowl tomorrow row show [əu] oe:foe hoe Joe woe ough:although though old: hold old soldier eau(法语):bureau (Federal Bureau of Investigation,FBI) 其它:most both shoulder u_e:huge cute cube flu July June blue ruler sugar rule oo : bamboo book room school smooth soon spoon choose food ou:soup group should 其他:ew:new;eau:beautiful;eu:Europe;ui:[u:] noodles foot 【例外:flood,blood】

五个短元音发音规则表短元音规则:○ V ○ C1 ○ C2 ,C1 与 C2 可以相同也可以不同。

元音 书写 读音 例 词as at act add apple absent accent accident activity back bad bag black hat rabbit rapid rat sad salad satisfy Saturday shall taxi camel camera camp stamp an and angry anima ant bank can cancel candle man sand sandwich stand standard any many answer ask task basket glass grass classroom last gasp chance chant (在 s+辅音前) ability accept achieve advantage advice advise afford afraid against agree along America American arrive sofa abroad(在弱读时) woman bell hello help sell shelf smell spell bed hen red rest restaurant second secretary seldom send sense sentence separate set seven seventeen seventh seventy several special spend step pencil ea:bread head ready spread sweater treasure pleasure breath healthy wealth weather health [i:] [i] be he she we me people secret pretty secret ill bill hill still skill silly silk silver big bit bitter him himself his hit if rich riddle risk river ship quick sick stick strict sit six sixteen sixth sixty simple sister spirit similar swim swimming swim mist chicken in inch ink since single sing ring spring swing bring body boring boss bottle bottom box hobby sorry holiday hospital hot rock shop socks soft solid control concert song strong often honest honor Come some money honey lone done don son love clove brother moth mother (each)other (one)another(o 在 m n v th 前有大半读[ʌ ]) do(undo redo doer),to(into onto unto) brush bus but butter hurry rubber rubbish rush Russia Russian shut study subject such sudden summer supper sun run hundred hungry culture true truth through juice build building human student stupid Tuesday pupil super[æ ]a[e] [ɑ:] [ə][e]ei[i][ɑ:] [o:]o[ʌ] [u:] [ʌ]u[u:] [ju:]

八个普通元音发音规则表元音书 写 ar 读音 例词[ɑ :r arm army art article hardly scarf smart star start mark mars car ]her herself servant serve service teacher bird shirt sir skirt er/ir/ur/ [ə :r burn hurt nurse purse blur lurk purl surf turn burger turf pur ear ] purchase urban search learn early【例外:heart /hɑ:t/;/i:r/hear pear ear】 air eer [er] stair hair area bear share spare square [ir] beer deer leer jeer queer sneer steer seer hearhorse score short shorts sort sport storm store story born almost already also although always salt talk all ball call small or,al, tall aw,au [ɒ :] saw draw straw drawer paw door floor poor【例外:w+or/ə :r/:word wordage work world worm worse worth】 August Australia autumn sausage cause daughter about aloud hour house round shout sound sou south souther [au] southern brown shower towel allow how cow now(ow 在词中) ou/ow [ə u] blow borrow show slow snow bowl tomorrow row show (ow 在词尾) shoulder[u:] soup group should [ʌ ] touch trouble couple courage 其他 tourist[ 'tuə rist ] sour[ 'sauə oi/oy[ɒi]]avoid oil soil voice boy soy其他元音发音规则表y 元音+v by bye buy shy sky baby symbol gym hobby busy(y 在单音节词的 词尾和在词中或双音节词的词尾发音不同) love above dove have movie prove live lovely give glove heavy heaven some come son stomach元音+ther other brother mother father rather want what watch wash quality swan w+元音 war warm warmly warble ward quarter word wordage work world worm worse worth

 
 

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