英语发音规律表

 时间:2018-05-02 14:23:29 贡献者:孤魂灯

导读:一、元音字母在重读音节中的读音 元音字母 在开音节中 a 在闭音节中 在开音节中 e 在闭音节中 在开音节中 i 在闭音节中 在开音节中 o 在闭音节中 在开音节中 u 在闭音节中 [∧] bus cup jump mu

英语字母发音表规律
英语字母发音表规律

一、元音字母在重读音节中的读音 元音字母 在开音节中 a 在闭音节中 在开音节中 e 在闭音节中 在开音节中 i 在闭音节中 在开音节中 o 在闭音节中 在开音节中 u 在闭音节中 [∧] bus cup jump much lunch [ɔ:] [ ju:] clock not box shop sock student excuse duty Tuesday[i]读 音 [ei] [æ] [i:] [e] [ai]例 词 name plane Jane baby cake bag dad hat map black back he these me Chinese bed let pen desk yes egg bike fly drive time nice kite fish big drink sit milk swim those close go hoe home no[ou]在开音节中,元音字母 u 在辅音字母 j l r s 后面时读[u:]音,例如:June blue ruler super二、元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音 元音字母 在[w]音后面 a 在 f n skphspssstth 前 i 在-nd -ld 和 gh 前 读 音 [ɔ:] 例 词 want what watch wash quality after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father find child light high[α :][ai]

在-st -ld 前 o 在 m n v th 前[ou] [∧]most postcard old cold come monkey love mother三、元音字母在非重读音节中的读音 元音字母 读 音 [ә] a[i]例 词 China another woman breakfast orange comrade village cabbage hundred student open weekend chicken pocket begin children holiday beautiful family animal Onion clinic baby period exercise satellite second tonight somebody welcome also zero photo autumn difficult popular congratulation January[ә] e[i][ә] i/y[ j/i/i:][ai] [ә] o [әƱ] [ә] u [ ju:]动词中的 a 如果处在开音节位置,a 读[ei]音,例如:operate u 处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母 j l r s 后面时,读[u(:)]音,例如:July influence February issue 在非重读音节中,许多单词中的元音字母 a e i 即可以读作[ә]音,也可以读作音

四、-r 音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音 元音字组 读 音 [α :] ar 在[w]音后面 [ɔ:] [ɔ:] or 在[w]音后面 [ɜ:] erirur [ә:] word worker worse certainly bird Thursday warm quarter towards forty morning short 例 词 car farm dark sharpener辅音字母 r 双写时,前面的元音字母不能与 r 构成-r 音节,而是按重读闭音节的 拼读规则发音.例如: carry sorry hurry -r 音节在非重读音节中通常读 [ә] 音 , 例如: dollar teacher martyr forget Saturday五、-re 音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音 元音字组 are ere ire ore ure 读 音 [eә] [iә] [aiә] [ɔ:] [ juә] 例 词 care dare hare here mere fire hire wire more score before pure cureare ere ire ore 很少出现在非重读音节中,ure 在非重读音节中读[E]音,例如: picture pleasure

重读元音字母加 Rr,再加非重读元字组时,重读元音字母应按-re 音节拼读规则 拼读,字母 Rr 读[r]音.例如:parent zero story during inspiring 某些常用词及多音节词经常出现长音短化现象.例如:orange very American paragraph六、元音字组在重读音节中的读音 元音字组 ai/ay air 读 音 [ei] [eә] [ɔ:] al 在 f m 前 [ɔ:l] [α :] au/aw [ɔ:] [i:] [e] ea [ei] [iә] [iә] ear [eә] [ɜ:] ee [i:] break great Idea real theatre hear dear near clear year bear pear wear swear earth learn early jeep week green three 例 词 afraid rain wait day play air hair chair pair repair small ball talk wall all always also salt almost half calm autumn daughter draw teach easy cheap please heavy bread sweater weather

eer[iә] [ei]pioneer deer beer eight neighbour they either key new few newspaper flew brew jewelry piece field receive coat Joan boat goal roar board door floor noise point boy toilet broom food tooth school book look cook foot good flower house count down know row throw though young country enough group you soup course your four our hour ours journey fluid suicide tuition juice fruit suitei/ey [i:] [ ju:] eu/ew 在 j l r s 后 [u:] ie/ei[s]音之后 oa oar/oor oi/oy [i:] [ou] [ɔ:] [ɔi] [u:] oo [Ʊ] [au] [ou] ou/ow [∧] [u:] [ɔ:] our [auә] [ә:] [ ju:i] ui 在 j l r s 后 [u:]

七、非重读音节中元音字组和字群的读音 元音字组或字群 ai/ay ei/ey -cail–sian-tian -cian–sian -tian -cient -tient -cious–scioustious -cia-sia-tia -sion–tioncion -sion 在元音字母后 -tion 在 s 后 -sten -stle -sure -ture 读 音 例 词 Sunday foreign monkey facial controversial spatial Musician Russian Egyptian Efficient sentient patient Delicious conscious infectious Judiciary Asia Russia militia impression nation suspicion vision decision occasion question suggestion listen whistle pleasure measure picture culture[i][ʃәl] [ʃәn] [ʃәnt] [ʃәs] [ʃә] [ʃәn] [Ʒәn] [tʃәn] [sn] [sl] [Ʒә] [tʃә]元音字组在非重读音节中读[ә]音或.例如:neighbour serious famous biscuit coffee八、元字组在复合词非重读音节中的读音 复合词中的第二部分不标注重音符号,但其中的元音字母或元音字组仍按重读音 节拼读规则拼读.例如: everyday[ei] handbag[æ] blackboard[C:] 有些词随着语言的发展 ,前后两部分已失去其单独存在的意义 ,融合成为一个词 .

其中的非重读部分要按非重读音节的读音规则发音.例如: sun 太阳 + day[ei] 日子 > Sunday 星期天 holy 神圣 + day[ei]日子 > holiday 假日 break 中断 + fast[α :]斋戒 > breakfast[ә] 早餐 cup 茶杯 + board 木板[ɔ:] > cupboard[ә] 碗柜九、辅字组的读音 辅字组 读 音 [b] b [/] [k] cc 在 e 前或在 i/y 前 [s] [tʃ] ch [k] [ʃ] -ck d -dge drf [k] [d] [dƷ] [dr] [f] [^] gg 在 e i/y 前 [dƷ] orange large German face decide cinema much chick rich teacher school headache chemistry machine cock pocket black knock doctor bread hand day bridge fridge children driver drink five four breakfast bag garden go bomb tomb cake picture coat music 例 词 bike bus bag

[f] gh [/] [ge] gu- -gue 在非重读音节中 [ȵw] [h] h [/] j k knl m -mn [dƷ] [k] [n] [l] [m] [m] [n] n 在[k] [g]音前 [ȵ] -ng p ph q qur s 在词首或清辅音前元音 字母间或浊辅音前 [ȵ] [p] [f] [k] [kw] [r] [s] [z]cough enough light daughter high guess league dialogue language anguish hot head house hand hour honest jeep jar joke join July kind bike skate make week knife know knock life milk school tall monkey come autumn autumn column solemn not shine ten note uncle thank hungry morning young wrong paper plane pig ship pen elephant photo telephone Iraq quality quite red rubber ruler sit sleep desk music husband

[sk] sc[s] sh t 在通常情况下在弱读字母 iaieio 前 tch th 在 通 常 情 况 下 在 冠 词 代词 介词 连词中在词尾 -the -ther 中 trv [T] [ʃ] [t] [tʃ] [tʃ] [θ ]scarlet muscle science she fish shirt wash ten letter meet patient nation watch thin thirty method the these with thanclothe father weather tree train country truck very voice love leave week win wake sweet wait Answer two what when white why who whose whole box text exercise example exist exact write yes yard yellow young puzzle zero zoo[tr] [v] [w]w [/] [w] wh-在字母 o 前 [h] [ks] x 在重读元音前 [gz] wryz [r] [ j] [z]

 
 

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